Permaculture Tip of the Day – A Pond Polyculture

When designing  most aquatic system and especially ponds we will have a a much higher degree of analysis of species types to consider for design. This is true because we not only design for the aquatic plant and animals species but also the land based species and the amphibious plant and animal species as well.
A typical pond poyculture will include (but not limited to) the following:
Late ripening fruit & legume trees
(dropable fish, duck, and human food – not on pond wall)
Bee attracting plants
(anything in the daisy family)
Insectivorous plants
(plants that eat insects)
Shade side shelves of steps in the pond construction
(aquatic habitat)
Duck forages
(azolla, duckweed)
Rice and other grains
(human food – partition off an area for ducks to forage)
Water chestnuts
(nutrient dense, immune boosting human food)
(water purification and human food)
(cut and throw for fish food)
Water lillies / lotus
(water coolant –  human medicine and food)
Habitat for eels
(human food)
Habitat for frogs
(pest eliminator and food for humans in some areas)
Habitat for reptiles
(pest eliminator and food for humans in some areas)
Bird perches
(nutrient depositor and pest eliminator)
Mussels and other bottom feeders
(cleanse water and human food)
(part of a pond ecosystem and human food)
Low level feeding like catfish
(benefits pond life and human food)
Stock fish
(human food)
Floating Insect traps
(duck and fish food – pest prevention)
(provide nutrient for micro organisms – introduce them after establishment and not right at establishment)
Screened syphon
(irrigation needs for other parts of property)
At establishment a couple of buckets of pond muck from a life rich pond for quicker life innoculation

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